Mediation v Court

Mediation is a way of resolving disputes without the need to go to court. It involves an independent third party, a mediator, who helps both sides come to an agreement.

Mediation is an assisted, confidential negotiation, which enables people to find their own solution. It gives you more control than going through a court or an arbitrator, which will impose a third solution. Through mediation you will have an input and can at least partially control the outcome.

The main principles are that it is voluntary, impartial, confidential, and decision-making lies with the concerned parties.

Who can act as mediator?

Lay practitioners may be involved, but you may wish to use a professional, neutral party.

Disputes can become very heated, even commercial ones, and it is beneficial to have someone experienced in negotiation at your side.

Lawyers negotiate all the time, so they have learned how to exchange points effectively. They can also establish a case and build up rapport.

When can it be used?

Mediation is a flexible process that can be used to settle disputes in a whole range of situations including consumer, divorce, family disputes workplace. neighbour and business partnership disputes.

It shouldn’t be used when there is a power imbalance, such as in the case of domestic violence. This is because when one party may be under threat from the other as to what may happen to them after the mediation, you cannot be sure that there is true agreement.

 What are the benefits of using mediation?

Courts are inevitably expensive, particularly when you take into account witness statements, an exchange of documents, compiling experts’ reports etc. It can also take 12 to 18 months to get to trial.

With mediation, it is likely parties will reach an agreement in at least half the time and half the cost. As legal aid has largely been removed from family law, it is even more important nowadays to keep legal costs down.

It can also enable parties to protect their confidentiality.

It can help protect your assets in the long run. Business partners, for example, could risk losing a business worth hundreds of thousands of pounds over a dispute. But with mediation, both parties can stake their claim and an agreement can be reached to protect the future of the business.

What is the role of the mediator?

Mediators help parties reach a solution which is agreeable to those concerned. Mediators avoid taking sides, making judgements or giving guidance.

How does mediation work?

The parties establish their cases and sign a confidentiality agreement.

In a nutshell, in civil mediation the parties may be based in separate rooms within a building and the mediator may go backwards and forwards several times to pass on each “sides” points.

The mediator will look at the best alternative to negotiated agreement (“batna”). This means you look at the best you could get in court, if you don’t get the result you want. They will also look at the worst alternative to negotiated agreement (“watna”).

The cost of the mediation is usually split between the concerned parties.

Mediations are quite routinely and very effectively undertaken using a medium such as Skype.

What if the parties cannot reach an agreement?

Mediation is a voluntary process and will only take place if both parties agree. It is a confidential process where the terms of discussion are not disclosed to any party outside the mediation hearing. They can still go to court but details about what went on at the mediation may not be disclosed or used, except perhaps if there is later a dispute as to whether an agreement was reached or not.

Mediation has been compared to counselling.

This is a common misconception but mediation is definitely not counselling. Mediation involves engagement with all parties in a confidential manner, but it does not look at the broader concept of people’s wellbeing.

Examples of where mediation have been successful

It is difficult to give public examples as it is a confidential process. However, I know from my own experience that parties involved in mediation are often satisfied because it’s relatively speedy, cost effective and they get to have a voice in the outcome.

Examples of where it could have been or could be used

One particular advantage is that privacy and confidentiality can be maintained. I can think of any number of “celebrity cases” where away from the public gaze, meaningful settlements could have been reached without adverse and very intrusive publicity.

Mediation means people can have a say in the final decision without having to air their dirty laundry in public.